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|Tiêu đề: ĐỀ LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH Thu May 05, 2011 10:38 am|| |
ĐỀ THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỐ 2
Thời gian làm bài: 90 phút; (80 câu trắc nghiệm)
Chọn một phương án (A, B, C hoặc D) ứng với từ có trọng âm chính nhấn vào âm tiết có vị trí khác với ba từ còn lại trong mỗi câu, từ 1 đến 5
Câu 1: A. method B. invention C. intense D. effective
Câu 2: A. writer B. carefully C. origin D. compete
Câu 3: A. delicate B. invention C. organic D. bacteria
Câu 4: A. abnormality B. automatically C. metropolitan D. miraculously
Câu 5: A. discard B. conceal C. birthmark D. suppose
Chọn một phương án (A, B, C hoặc D) ứng với từ /cụm từ có gạch chân cần phải sửa, từ câu 6 đến 10
Câu 6: Ceramic can be harder, light, and more resistant to heat than metals.
A B C D
Câu 7: Mold is extremely destruction to books in a library.
A B C D
Câu 8: Sydney Laniar achieved fame both as a poet or a symphony musician.
A B C D
Câu 9: Sharks can detect minute electrical discharges coming from its prey.
A B C D
Câu 10: It would be both noticed and appreciating if you could finish the work before you leave.
A B C D
Chọn một phương án đúng (A, B, C hoặc D) ứng với câu có nghĩa gần nhất với mỗi câu cho sẵn hoặc hoàn tất các câu sau đây, từ câu 11 đến 20
Câu 11: Let’s go shopping.
A. She says we can go shopping. B. She allows us to go shopping.
C. She agrees to go shopping with him. D. She suggests going shopping.
Câu 12: Whatever subject you choose makes no difference to me.
A. You can choose any subject, there’s no difference.
B. What subject you choose is important to me.
C. I don’t care about you.
D. It doesn’t matter to me what subject you choose.
Câu 13: You should have persuaded him to change his mind.
A. It was essential to persuade him to change his mind but you didn’t.
B. You didn’t persuade him to change because of his mind.
C. You persuade him to change his mind but he didn’t listen.
D. You should persuade him to change his mind.
Câu 14: After several months, the problem continues to be discussed.
A. The solution to the problem has already been found after several months.
B. The problem was solved after several months’ discussion.
C. The discussion of the problem is not over yet.
D. The discussion of the problem ceased several months ago.
Câu 15: He talked about nothing except the weather.
A. He talked about everything including the weather.
B. His sole topic of conversation was the weather.
C. He said that he had no interest in the weather.
D. He had nothing to say about the weather.
Câu 16: However hard you work, you will never be promoted here.
A. No matter how you work, you will be promoted here.
B. You will never be promoted here; however you work hard.
C. If you didn’t work hard, you would never be promoted here.
D. Although you work really hard, you will never be promoted here.
Câu 17: As soon as they set off, it began to rain.
A. It began to rain before they set off.
B. They set very soon before it began to rain.
C. Hardly had they set off when it began to rain.
D. No sooner they set off than it began to rain.
Câu 18: It is essential _____.
A. for everyone who knows what to do in the event of fire
B. for everyone knowing what to do in the event of fire
C. that everyone know what to do when there is fire
D. that everyone to know what to do when there is a fire
Câu 19: He offered to help her with the heavy suitcase, which was kind.
A. The suitcase which he offered to help her with was kind.
B. He offered to help her but the suitcase was too heavy.
C. It was kind of her to have him help with the suitcase.
D. It was kind of him to offer to help her with the suitcase.
Câu 20: Peter and Lucy had a quarrel, but they soon made up.
A. Peter and Lucy had a quarrel but they soon let it go.
B. Peter and Lucy had a quarrel, but now they are friends again.
C. Peter and Lucy hate each other since their argument.
D. Peter and Lucy made a mistake but they soon corrected it.
Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn một phương án đúng (A, B, C hoặc D) cho mỗi chỗ trống, từ 21 đến 30
If you can roll a ball, you can play bowls. Everyone can play: young and old, men and women, the fit and the not so fit. It is the (21) _______ outdoor game that really is a sport for all. What other sports can grandparents play on equal terms with their grandchildren? What other game is so simple that you could take up it today and be (22) _______ in the national championship tomorrow?
Simple? Perhaps that is not the (23) _______ word. There are bowls players in their thousands (24) _______ will tell you that, although bowls is a game that anyone can (25) _______ in five minutes, it takes a lifetime to (26) _______ it. They are the people who have developed a passionate interest in the game. (27) _______ for outsiders, bowls is another world, and a strange and puzzling one. They see a bowl game in action and wonder what is going on.
What the players are trying to do is easy to explain. Their (28) _______ is to roll their bowls, called wood, as near as possible to the little white ball, called the jack. If one of your bowls finishes nearer to the jack than your opponent's, you score one point and he or she scores (29) _______. If you have the two nearest, you score two, and so on. The skill involved in rolling a bowl that weighs around 2 kilos across about 40 meters so that it stops only a very short (30) _______ from the target is just as impressive as the skills required in other sports.
Câu 21: A. individual B. special C. one D. alone
Câu 22: A. going B. competing C. entering D. taking
Câu 23: A. right B. just C. genuine D. suitable
Câu 24: A. when B. who C. whose D. which
Câu 25: A. pick up B. see through C. catch on D. find out
Câu 26: A. manage B. tame C. control D. master
Câu 27: A. Although B. Besides C. Unlike D. However
Câu 28: A. aim B. attempt C. scheme D. point
Câu 29: A. everything B. anything C. nothing D. something
Câu 30: A. length B. extent C. distance D. range
Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (A, B, C hoặc D) cho mỗi câu, từ 31 đến 38
For a long time, amphibians were confused with reptiles. Like reptiles, they have three-chambered hearts and are cold-blooded. Some amphibians, such as salamanders, are even shaped like lizards. However, unlike reptiles, amphibians never have claws on their toes or scales on their bodies. Furthermore, the eggs of amphibians lack shells, so they must be laid in water or in moist places.
Amphibians were the first creatures to spend sizable amounts of their lives on land. The larvae of most amphibians, such as frog tadpoles, are born with gills and live in water. However, their gills disappear as they develop lungs. Most retain the ability to breathe through the moist surface of their skin. This comes in handy when they hibernate in the bottom mud of lakes and ponds during the coldest months. They take in the small amount of oxygen they need through their skin. Some amphibians undergo what is known as a "double metamorphosis", changing not only from gill breathers to lung breathers but also from vegetarians to insectivores.
Although the amphibian class is rather small in number of species, it shows great diversity. There are three major types. The caecilians of the tropics are long, legless, burrowing creatures. Caudate amphibians, such as newts and salamanders, mostly have long tails and stubby legs. Salientians, which include both frogs and toads, are tailless as adults and have powerful hind legs. Toads differ from frogs primarily in that they have dry, warty skin.
Câu 31: The author’s main purpose in writing the passage is to _____.
A. contrast different types of amphibians B. define and describe amphibians
C. trace the development of amphibians from larvae to adults D. explain how amphibians differ from other creatures
Câu 32: According to the passage, which of the following is NOT a characteristic of amphibians?
A. They are cold-blooded. B. They have claws on their toes.
C. They have three-chambered hearts. D. They lay eggs without shells.
Câu 33: The term "scales" is closest to which of the following in meaning?
A. Plates covering the bodies of certain animals. B. Proportions between different sets of dimensions.
C. Devices used to measure weight. D. Sounds made by various animals.
Câu 34: According to the passage, the term "double metamorphosis" refers to the fact that amphibians _____.
A. change both the shape of their bodies and the way in which they lay eggs
B. change both their methods of breathing and their feeding habits
C. first breathe through their gills, then through their lungs, then through their skin
D. first live in the water, then on land, then in mud in the bottom of ponds and lakes
Câu 35: It can be inferred from the passage that amphibians’ ability to breathe through their skin is especially useful during the _____.
A. spring B. fall C. winter D. summer
Câu 36: All of the following are identified in the passage as amphibians EXCEPT _____.
A. salamanders B. caecilians C. lizards D. newts
Câu 37: The word "stubby" is closest in meaning to _____.
A. undeveloped B. powerful C. thick and short D. long and thin
Câu 38: The word "they" refers to _____.
A. frogs B. toads C. adults D. tails
Chọn một phương án đúng (A, B, C hoặc D) để hoàn thành mỗi câu sau, từ câu 39 đến 68
Câu 39: Having passed the entrance exam, _____ go away for a holiday.
A. his parents allow him B. his parents allow him to
C. he is allowing to D. he is allowed to
Câu 40: By the end of next year, we _____ this advanced training course.
A. are finishing B. have finished C. will have finished D. will be finished
Câu 41: Motorists _____ of speeding may be banned from driving for a year.
A. charged B. convicted C. arrested D. judged
Câu 42: In order to grow vegetables properly, gardeners must know _____.
A. what are each vegetable’s requirements B. what the requirements for each vegetable are
C. that is required by each vegetable D. that the requirements for each vegetable
Câu 43: It’s only a small flat but it _____ my needs perfectly.
A. meets B. supplies C. settles D. fills
Câu 44: I’d like to _____ this old car for a new model but I can’t afford it.
A. exchange B. interchange C. convert D. replace
Câu 45: _____ further rioting to occur, the government would be forced to use its emergency powers.
A. Were B. Did C. Had D. Should
Câu 46: David is the captain of the school basketball team, _____ his father before him.
A. such as B. similar to C. just like D. as well as
Câu 47: The door is unlocked. _____ here last night.
A. Something strange was happened B. Something strange should have happened
C. Something strange had happened D. Something strange could have happened
Câu 48: Although he supports the Council, he does not take an active _____ in politics.
A. part B. charge C. affair D. play
Câu 49: Why don’t you wear that blue dress of yours? It _____ you.
A. watches B. suits C. agrees D. goes with
Câu 50: Although he claims to have left his job voluntarily, he was actually _____ for misconduct.
A. dismissed B. resigned C. released D. dispelled
Câu 51: Olympiakos _____ 0 - 0 with Real Madrid in the first leg of the semi-final in Athens.
A. drew B. equal C. equalized D. shared
Câu 52: The doctor told him that the _____ he would gain from a healthy diet would be well worth the sacrifice.
A. welfare B. advantages C. profits D. benefit
Câu 53: Doctors usually have to study for at least seven years before becoming fully _____.
A. examined B. qualified C. tested D. approved of
Câu 54: Many minerals near the earth’s surface exist in small _____.
A. numbers B. amounts C. number D. amount
Câu 55: The young children are very _____ on camping holiday.
A. enthusiastic B. interested C. keen D. eager
Câu 56: _____ other mammals, whales do not have a sense of smell.
A. Unlikely B. Not alike C. Dislike D. Unlike
Câu 57: Many people read newspapers _____ waiting for the bus.
A. while B. as they C. if D. during
Câu 58: The director retired early _____ ill-health.
A. on behalf of B. in front of C. on account of D. ahead of
Câu 59: If you are _____ you are kind and helpful to other people.
A. polite B. outgoing C. sociable D. caring
Câu 60: She’s annoyed _____ me just because I’m late.
A. for B. with C. of D. on
Câu 61: In the long past, it was unclear whether Australia was _____ to Antarctica.
A. connected B. coupled C. integrated D. united
Câu 62: The little boy was _____ to steal the money when he saw it lying on the desk.
A. brought B. attracted C. tempted D. appealed
Câu 63: You can’t drive without a _____.
A. diploma B. license C. degree D. certificate
Câu 64: The government’s policy then was seen as a _____ to local democracy.
A. weakness B. suppression C. threat D. harm
Câu 65: He refused to give up work, _____ he had won a million dollars.
A. even though B. however C. as though D. despite
Câu 66: The company received _____ complaints about the quality of its products.
A. continual B. continued C. continuous D. continuing
Câu 67: - "Thank you very much for a lovely party." - "_____."
A. Have a good day B. Not at all C. Thanks D. You are welcome
Câu 68: - "More coffee? Anybody?" - "_____."
A. It’s right, I think B. I don’t agree, I’m afraid
C. I’d love to D. Yes, please
Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn một phương án đúng (A, B, C hoặc D) cho mỗi câu, từ 69 đến 80
Galaxies are not evenly distributed throughout the universe. A few are found alone, but almost all are grouped in formations termed galactic clusters. These formations should not be confused with stellar clusters, globular clusters of stars that exist within a galaxy. The size of galactic clusters varies enormously, with some clusters containing only a dozen or so members and others containing as many as 10,000. Moreover, galactic clusters themselves are part of larger clusters of clusters, termed superclusters. It is surmised that even clusters of superclusters are possible.
Our galaxy, the Milky Way, is part of a galactic cluster called the Local Group, which has twenty members and is typical in terms of the types of galaxies it contains. There are three large spiral galaxies: Andromeda, the largest galaxy in the group; the Milky Way, the second-largest galaxy; and the Trianglum Spiral, the third largest. There are also four medium-sized spiral galaxies, including the Large Cloud of Magellan and the Small Cloud of Magellan. There are four regular elliptical galaxies; the remainders are dwarf ellipticals. Other than our own galaxy, only Andromeda and the Clouds of Magellan can be seen with the naked eye, and the Clouds are visible only from the Southern Hemisphere.
In the vicinity of the Local Group are several clusters, each containing around twelve members. The nearest cluster rich in members is the Virgo Cluster, which contains thousands of galaxies of all types. Like most large clusters, it emits X-rays. The Local Group, the small neighboring clusters, and the Virgo Cluster form part of a much larger cluster of clusters – the Local Supercluster.
The existence of galactic clusters presented a riddle to scientists for many years – the “missing mass” problem. Clusters are presumably held together by the gravity generated by their members. However, measurements showed that the galaxies did not have enough mass to explain their apparent stability. Why didn’t these clusters disintegrate? It is now thought that galaxies contain great amounts of “dark matter”, which cannot be directly observed but which generates gravitational pull.
This matter includes gas, dust, burnt-out stars, and even black holes.
Câu 69: Which of the followings does the passage mainly discuss?
A. An astronomical problem that has never been solved. B. A recent development in astronomy.
C. Clusters and superclusters of galaxies. D. The incredible distance between galaxies.
Câu 70: The word "evenly" is closest in meaning to _____.
A. predictably B. paradoxically C. uniformly D. relatively
Câu 71: What conclusion can be made about galaxies that are NOT found in clusters?
A. They are outnumbered by galaxies that do occur in clusters. B. They are not actually galaxies but parts of galaxies.
C. They have never been observed. D. They are larger than other galaxies.
Câu 72: The word "globular" is closest in meaning to _____.
A. immense B. spherical C. dense D. brilliant
Câu 73: The author would probably characterize the existence of clusters of superclusters as _____.
A. certain B. surprising C. theoretical D. impossible
Câu 74: According to the passage, in what way is the Local Group typical of galactic clusters?
A. In its size. B. In its shape.
C. In the number of galaxies it contains. D. In the types of galaxies that make it up.
Câu 75: In the Local Group, which of the following types of galaxies are most numerous?
A. Dwarf ellipticals. B. Large spirals.
C. Regular ellipticals. D. Medium-sized spirals.
Câu 76: All of the following are visible from somewhere on Earth without a telescope EXCEPT _____.
A. Andromeda B. the Clouds of Magellan
C. the Milky Way D. the Triangulum Spiral
Câu 77: According to the passage, the Local Group and the Virgo Cluster have which of the following in common?
A. Both are part of the same supercluster. B. Both are small clusters.
C. Both emit X-rays. D. Both are rich in galaxies.
Câu 78: The word "riddle" is closest in meaning to _____.
A. tool B. puzzle C. clue D. theory
Câu 79: Which of the following is NOT true about the "dark matter"?
A. It may include black holes. B. It is impossible to observe directly.
C. It is found in the space between galaxies. D. It helps explain the "missing mass" problem.
Câu 80: As used throughout the passage, the word "members" refers to _____.
A. clusters B. galaxies C. scientists D. stars
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